Important vaccines for the elderly with diabetes
March 26, 2020
Elderly people with diabetes are at more risk for the development of infections.
Following are the common vaccines for diabetes which are specifically recommended for the elderly:
- Influenza vaccine: All adults, specifically those with diabetes, are recommended to take this vaccine annually. This vaccine fights against sinus and ear infection, pneumonia and bronchitis caused by the influenza virus.
- Pneumococcal vaccines: This is an important vaccine for diabetes especially among the elderly. It works against pneumonia, blood infection, ear and brain infection caused by the pneumococcus. Patients with diabetes should receive a single dose of pneumococcal vaccine, with additional doses after the age of 65 years.
- Hepatitis B vaccine: Hepatitis B virus attacks the liver and may lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer. Vaccination is the most effective way to prevent infection with the hepatitis B virus. All unvaccinated adults with diabetes aged from 18 to 59 years should receive a two or three-dose course of this vaccine. Adults aged 60 years and above should receive Hepatitis B vaccination if they are deemed by their physician to be at high risk of infection. Individuals with diabetes should also receive all other age-appropriate vaccines such as the Tdap vaccine, zoster vaccine etc. as recommended for the general population.