Dental problems that can occur because of uncontrolled diabetes are:
Generalized alveolar bone loss
Mobility of teeth. Other common findings are xerostomia (decreased salivary flow, dry mouth)
Attrition and abrasion of teeth
Oral non-healing ulcer
Sensitivity to hot and cold sensations
Early precancerous lesions like leukoplakia, lichen planus
Oral fungal infections like candidiasis
Oral prophylaxis (scaling)
Simple and surgical extraction
Incision and drainage of dental abscess.
Flap surgery and curettage
Dental fillings (cosmetic fillings)
Replacement of teeth.
Partial & full replacement
Tempero mandibular joint problems
soft splint, hard splint therapy
Root canal therapy and crowns.
Dental trauma (fracture etc)
Dental pain (pulpitis) increases more on lying down. Dental pains are more during night hours compromising the patients sleep, chewing efficiency and oral hygiene. The above conditions will lead to stress that can elevate blood sugar levels.
Dirt deposits (plaque and calculus) will lead to gingival inflammation. Gingival inflammation when untreated will lead to periodontal disease. Periodontal disease progresses to bone loss leading to decrease in mobility of teeth and tooth loss.
If missing teeth are not replaced, the remaining teeth migrate to the edentulous space, causing disturbance to the occlusion of tooth contact.
Chewing efficiency of the patient decreases and food gets stuck in the spaces in between the teeth. Increase in workload load for the remaining teeth can lead to occlusal attrition. Unilateral or single side chewing leads to tempero mandibular joint problems (jaw problems). If food is not chewed properly, a patient may develop digestive disturbances.
Diabetic patients are recommended to take greens, vegetables and fiber rich food and less carbohydrate. Patients who are partially edentulous, with loose mobile tooth or dental pain, chew their food partially and swallow which leads to indigestion, acidity, gastric problems etc. Patients with the above problems tend to eat soft food which is low in fiber content and high in carbohydrates which can elevate the blood glucose level.
It is mandatory to have a regular dental checkup once in 6 months which can avoid major dental problems like periodontitis.
Patients with regular brushing habits, mouth gargling habits can also deposit plaque and calculus which is the causative factor for periodontal disease. Regular brushing cannot approach all surfaces of teeth and hence thorough cleaning is needed from time to time. Dental cleaning can prevent dental diseases and their progression.
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